23 Jun ENDURO SUSPENSIONS PREPARATION
Hello riders! Many ask us what the preparation of enduro suspensions consists of. So we are going to make a small technical explanation and tell you in which situations each change is noticeable.
Lately, the majority of amateur enduro riders are encouraging themselves to do more and more technical and extreme outings, such as the so-called hard enduro. For this type of terrain it is important that the suspensions are soft and progressive, to copy the potholes and steps well, and to tire the rider less. It is intended that the motorcycle be with the touch of a trialera. Work is also being done to lower the height of the motorcycles to be able to reach the ground more easily.
In these cases and depending on the motorcycle model, it is usual to work modifying the fork and shock absorber valves, making the passage of oil through them more fluid and thus the operation is smoother. By doing this, it also helps the oil not to heat up so quickly and to avoid oil cavitation.
Also, and depending on the weight of the rider, the hardness and preload of the springs will be important, being able to change them or not if necessary.
Always starting from the measurement of the famous rear SAG we will see if it is necessary or not, although for extreme hard enduro in some motorcycle models we can work with a SAG greater than that recommended for more normal use.
In recent years it is common for Japanese motorcycles to be harder than European ones, they come standard much more “motocross”. In these, in the vast majority of cases both springs are changed. On the contrary, the European ones are clearly softer and depending on the pilot they would not need it (all these comments are generic, it does not mean that this has to be done in all cases, each pilot is different).
For an enduro of time trials and sections of a lifetime, the suspensions do not need to be so soft, but they do need to have a very good feel that we would summarize in three work areas of the route:
- Initial zone: the first third of the route would be occupied by the SAG and a very smooth start that should copy the smallest bump very quickly.
- Middle zone: the second third of the route is the work zone that is acting the longest, and works from the small bump to the deepest, progressively increasing its hardness due to the increase in pressure inside the bars when the air chamber is compressed.
- Final zone: the last third of the route, where the internal pressure is already high and the hardness rises to the maximum to avoid strong impacts and travel limits.
Depending on the level of the rider, all these settings can be variable, the fastest and strongest riders usually need firmer and harder suspension than the slower and weaker riders. For example, a slow-paced amateur with suspension tuned for a fast rider would likely complain that it was too hard, and conversely they would complain that it was too soft.
In short, remember the importance of good suspension preparation, good maintenance and tuning of the bike according to your needs! It will make you go faster and safer on your motorcycle!
Greetings riders and lots of gas!